It's a battle that's for sure.If I planted clover on a smaller plot wouldn't they eat it down to nothing before season started?
Wintergreens, if I remember from WI, are brassicas mostly (kale, rape, turnips). You really won't get much attention to it before a good, long and hard frost - turning these plants into attractants for deer. I've also had the experience with brassicas that they will take a season or two before the local deer hit into it hard enough to be a great harvest plot.
Alice Clover might be a good option for you.
However, if going for bow season (not sure of the dates for you) I'd be banking on an annual plot for harvesting if October/early November.